Description:  This lesson provides a broad overview of the oil and gas midstream industry.  It starts with nomenclature and vocabulary to help the students better understand and communicate with industry veterans.  It then reviews the prevalent theory of how oil and gas was formed to provide background for factors affecting operations.  Finally, it covers the various subsectors or midstream, transportation, gas processing and treating, storage, and terminalling in non-technical language.

Learning Objectives

  • Discuss why different hydrocarbon molecules behave differently.
  • List three different types of wells.
  • Explain the three things which determine what comes out of a well.
  • List the three different functions of pipelines and the role of each.
  • Describe the midstream value chain.
  • List the three different materials moved by oil and gas pipelines.
  • Explain what properties allow the separation of natural gas liquids from each other.
  • Describe the transportation function and list its subsectors.
  • Describe natural gas processing and treating or midstream.
  • Describe the storage and terminalling subsector of midstream.

Lesson Outline

  • Learning objectives
  • Hydrocarbon nomenclature
  • Primary theory of the origin of oil and gas
  • Petroleum characteristics
  • Upstream connection points
  • Oil and gas midstream
  • Midstream value chain
  • Oil and gas pipelines
  • Other transportation modes
  • Natural gas treating and processing
  • Storage and terminalling


  • 58 Power Point slides and one vuideo presented by the instructor via the Webex platform.
  • Q & A after each slide.
  • Limited to 12 students.


  • Company personnel new to the midstream industry.
  • Current professional support personnel who want to learn more about the industry so they can interact with those they support.
  • Industry vendors and suppliers who want to better understand the industry.
  • Others in the industry who want to widen their view and understanding.

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